New European Regulations introduced
(EU) 2018/858RDW has implemented stricter rules for type-approval and monitoring
Since September 1st
of 2020, RDW has implemented, and is still implementing, tightened regulations
for the monitoring of manufacturers and technical services, as well as for the
approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and
separate technical units intended for such vehicles. This intensification of
monitoring and approval activities implies an increased administrative and
The Regulation (2018/858) also contains provisions regarding cooperation with the European Commission and the requirements imposed on national vehicle registration authorities. In the Netherlands, RDW has an important role in implementing the Regulation, as both the approval authority and the vehicle registration authority. We have adjusted our business operations accordingly and we have informed our clients and stakeholders about the new rules and what we expect from manufacturers and technical services in compliance with the regulation. Information about type-approvals and monitoring is also shared between EU Member States. By doing this, we can work together effectively on clean and safe road traffic throughout Europe.
Recall process improved
Repairing more vehicles with serious manufacturing and design errors and doing so faster is essential.
In the event of a deviation relating to the type-approval or a potential risk for road users with respect to safety or the environment caused by a manufacturing- or design error, vehicles must be recalled and repaired as soon as possible. In response to the report entitled ‘Recall doen we samen’ (‘We carry out recalls together’), RDW continues to work on improving the effectiveness of the ‘recall’ monitoring process. RDW simplifies processes and IT support to make it easier for importers to report vehicles as repaired. It will also become easier for importers to request current name and address details of vehicle owners for the purpose of recall actions. This will improve the accuracy of the information relating to recall actions and enable vehicle owners to be contacted more easily so that the vehicles concerned are repaired as soon as possible.
New vehicle category
Light Electric Vehicles RDW contributes ideas about new rules for licensing among other things.
The Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management has decided to expand the national vehicle category of Special Mopeds into a Light Electric Vehicles category. This is partly the result of the report entitled ‘Safety authorisation for use on the Road’ by the Dutch Safety Board. This new vehicle category includes several light motorised motor vehicles, such as special mopeds, electric bicycles and cargo bikes for which no type-approval is required within the context of Regulation 168/2013. RDW is part of the working group which discusses the technical licensing requirements as well as other important subjects, such as usage requirements, driving licence, registration and designated place on the road.
Licensing innovative vehicles for the public road
RDW assesses the safety of these vehicles in practice.
Our rapidly changing society increasingly demands innovative solutions with respect to mobility. Developments related to automated and self-driving vehicles continue. In addition, more and more variants in modalities are emerging. If these vehicles do not comply with the existing licensing regulations and there is a clear need and added value, RDW assesses the possibilities for a temporary exemption for trials/ for experimental purposes.
RDW develops new validation methods and procedures for assessing these innovations. For this purpose, we work with important partners like the Central Office for Motor Vehicle Driver Testing (CBR). The Vehicle Safety and Security Framework focuses on the security of vehicle digitisation, while the Vehicle Driving Licence Framework focuses on safety when the vehicle takes over driving tasks. These frameworks are tested in practice. The procedure developed in recent years for validating automated and self-driving vehicles in the Exceptional Transport Exemptions Decree (BOEV) provide a solid basis for this purpose.
We will be coordinating an investigation process with all stakeholders as part of the BOEV procedure. And start by identifying the study objectives and conducting a comprehensive risk analysis of the vehicle, road and behaviour. This is followed by testing on the test track and on the public road. Once necessity and added value have been demonstrated and the vehicle complies with the Road Traffic Act 1994, RDW may issue a temporary exemption subject to conditions. The acquired knowledge may result in adjustments to policy and regulations for regular licensing at national, European and international level. This BOEV procedure can also be used to assess other vehicle innovations.
Automotive Cyber Security
International regulations make risk management and continuous monitoring mandatory.
Cybersecurity is vitally important for connected and automated driving. On June 24th 2020, the United Nations World Harmonized Forum approved regulations for cybersecurity and software updates. The European Commission wants to incorporate these regulations in the General Safety Regulation. As such, the requirements will come into effect for new types of vehicles on July 6th 2022. The regulations will apply to all registered vehicles in Europe from July 6th 2024. The main components of the regulations are the Threat Analysis & Risk Assessment (TARA) risk management that ensures that responsibilities for cybersecurity risks are accepted at the right level in the organisation and provisions for continuous monitoring of all vehicles that are available in the market.
Development and use of driver assistance systems
RDW is involved in ADAS both nationally and internationally.
Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) are technological systems that are intended to support in human driving task. These include adaptive cruise control and lane keeping assistance. By assisting human drivers, these systems can contribute to improved road safety. The strategic road safety plan 2030 and particularly the Dutch Safety Board report entitled ‘Who is driving’ has drawn a great deal of attention nationally on the opportunities, safety aspects as well as risks of ADAS. RDW want to cooperate with other parties in this respect and is therefore a partner in the ADAS alliance. On the national level, RDW will focus in the coming period on standardising ADAS terminology as a condition for a possible registration of driver assistance systems. On the international level, RDW work in the context of CITA on PTI requirements for driver assistance systems. RDW are also involved in elaborating the specifications of the ADAS elements in the General Safety Regulation, including the intelligent speed limiter and systems for fatigue and attention warnings. The General Safety Regulation comes into effect on July 6th 2022. RDW also participate in the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) working groups for elaborating licensing requirements for automated systems.
Remote testing due to coronavirus
The European Union temporarily allows testing via livestream.
Global travel restrictions have made it virtually impossible for our international testing inspectors to attend or carry out tests on location at the manufacturer. However, a manufacturer cannot introduce its new products to the market without that test. The European Commission has therefore published a memorandum with conditions for remote testing. This is based on ISO standards 17020 and 17025. Remote testing takes place via a livestream with fixed procedures and working instructions. This temporary approach allows RDW to continue the type-approval process in a responsible manner and to guarantee the same level of vehicle safety as in live testing. All emission tests conducted remotely due to coronavirus must be repeated in a physical test attended by an inspector before the end of 2022. Other tests only need to be repeated at the request of the authority.
Registration and PTI agricultural and construction vehicles and forestry vehicles
Fast agricultural vehicles and forestry vehicles are subject to a registration and PTI obligation RDW will conduct random checks that the PTI has been conducted.
Fast, wheeled agricultural and forestry tractors with a construction speed exceeding 40 km/hour have been subject to a PTI obligation since May 20th 2018. The legislative proposal for registration and number plate obligation for agricultural and construction vehicles was adopted by the Upper House on May 19t 2020. The PTI obligation will apply to fast agricultural or forestry tractors that use public roads. This excludes tractors for agricultural, horticultural and forestry purposes or for livestock farming or fishery which are mainly used on the site where these activities take place. Besides tractors, the registration obligation will also apply to machines with limited speed.
All new agricultural vehicles must be registered after the legislation comes into effect on January 1st 2021. The conversion period for agricultural vehicles that already participate in traffic and use public roads also starts then. During this period, owners will be able to register these vehicles and provide them with a registration number if necessary. This conversion period is expected to continue until December 31st 2021.
RDW will start the introduction of PTI monitoring on May 1st 2021. We carry out monitoring by means of random checks. These checks assess whether the PTI inspector carried out their duties in accordance with the PTI regulations. The monitoring is comparable to the PTI monitoring for passenger and commercial vehicles.
PTI obligation lapses with respect to historic vehicles
Owners generally maintain their vehicle intensively and drive few kilometres.
As from 2021, historic vehicles will no longer be subject to the PTI obligation if they have an initial licensing date of ‘50 years or older’. These historic vehicles are usually owned by enthusiasts and are often still in their original condition. Owners generally maintain their vehicle intensively to avoid further wear and tear. They regard such maintenance as their hobby and study the old technology. A mandatory periodic inspection results in unnecessary expenses. They often drive few kilometres and the impact on road safety is therefore minimal.
A safe vehicle, also after damage
RDW works with the industry to improve the process after damage.
Damaged vehicles that have not been repaired properly may be dangerous to the passengers and other road users. RDW therefore inspects a repaired vehicle if it was temporarily banned from the road following damage. We want to improve insight into the number of cases of damage and work with the industry and partners to develop a system of standards for damaged vehicles. The possibility of assessing repairs through a form of accreditation is also being explored. Furthermore, RDW wants to publish damage statuses that were previously registered with RDW for such vehicles. The damage to the vehicle therefore becomes clearer to companies and consumers.