European and Dutch legislation for type approvals
European Directives, ECE Regulations formulated by the United Nations and national directives have been drawn up for the issue of certificates and type approvals. As a manufacturer, you are responsible for all aspects of the type approval process and for upholding the conformity of production. To apply for type approvals, you as a manufacturer and your production process must be certified. The requirements for this certification are also laid down by law.
In some guidelines, special requirements are defined − for example, for the conformity of vehicles in use, re-use, multi-phase construction approval, and hazardous goods. EU Guidelines, EU Regulations and ECE Regulations are regularly amended. This can mean that new types of vehicles must comply with the new requirements, but also that type-approvals may lose their validity. You should therefore take careful note of the commencement dates of the guidelines and regulations.
Working together with the RDW
The RDW issues approvals for vehicles, components and manufacturers. When you want to bring a vehicle or component onto the market, these directives specify the conditions that must be satisfied by you as a manufacturer as well as by your production process and your product. The RDW can advise you about the legislation throughout the approval process. Below, you can find information about the points on which you should focus, which legislation is in force for the various type approvals, and where you can find that legislation. If you have any questions about how the legislation applies to your specific product, please contact the RDW.
The RDW (National Vehicle and Driving Licence Registration Authority) and it’s employees do not sign additional non-disclosure agreements. The reason is that this duty of confidentiality has already been laid down in Section 2:5 of the General Administrative Law Act. This Act applies to all government agencies including the RDW. This duty of confidentiality therefore automatically applies to all duties of the RDW. Consequently, RDW employees are obliged to comply with this statutory obligation and deviations pursuant to an agreement are not allowed. Infringement of the duty of confidentiality is liable to a term of imprisonment or a fine (Section 272 of the Criminal Code).
Amendments to the legislation
Some directives include special requirements − for example, for the conformity of vehicles in use, re-use, multi-phase construction approval and hazardous goods. EU Directives, EU Regulations and ECE Regulations are regularly amended. This may mean that new vehicle types must satisfy the new requirements, but also that type approvals are no longer valid. You should therefore take careful note of the commencement dates of the directives.
Description of type approvals in the law
There are four types of type approvals: EC approvals for entire vehicle systems, technical units and components, ECE approvals for systems, technical units or components, National type approvals for vehicles with the classification T4.2 and T5, and National type approvals for small vehicle series. The requirements for issuing type approvals are described in national and international legislation. The various type approvals are described below, and links to the applicable legislation are also included.
These approvals are issued for entire vehicles (EC-WTA) and for systems, individual technical units or components. They are mandatory when registering vehicles in Member States of the European Union. The approvals are issued by the RDW, amongst others, on the basis of EC Directives. These approvals are identifiable by the small ‘e’.
These approvals are issued for systems, technical units or components. No WVTA documents are issued with these approvals. The ECE regulations are mandatory for all countries that have voluntarily signed the relevant agreements. These approvals are identifiable by the large ‘E’. The ECE Regulations form the basis for the approvals and they are accepted worldwide. Some ECE Regulations are equivalent to EC Directives. In such cases, this is specified in the EC framework directives.
National type approvals
These type approvals are issued for vehicles in the vehicle category T with the vehicle classification T4.2 and T5. The Dutch Ministerial Decree Regeling voertuigen contains a description of the requirements in the section on the Dutch legislation.
National type approvals for small production series (NSS-TA)
For various vehicle categories, the RDW can issue a national type approval for small production series under special conditions. This approval is based on national legislation. The approvals are issued for entire vehicles (NKS-WVTA) and are valid for one country. The approvals are identifiable by the small ‘e’, followed by ‘NKS'