European guidelines (EC guidelines and ECE regulations) and national guidelines have been drawn up for the issue of certificates and type-approvals. When you want to bring a vehicle or component onto the market, these guidelines stipulate the conditions that must be satisfied by your production process, by your product and by you as a manufacturer.
These approvals are issued for entire vehicles (EC-WTA) and for systems, individual technical units or components. They are mandatory when registering vehicles in Member States of the European Union. The approvals are issued amongst others by the RDW and are recognizable by the small 'e'.
These approvals are issued for systems, technical units or components. No WVTA documents are issued with these approvals. ECE regulations are mandatory for all countries that have voluntarily signed the relevant agreements and they are accepted worldwide. These approvals are identifiable by the large ‘E’. Some ECE Regulations are equivalent to EC Directives. In such cases, this is specified in the EC framework directives.
National type approvals for small production series (NSS-TA)
For various vehicle categories, the RDW can issue a national type approval for small production series under special conditions. This approval is based on national legislation. The approvals are issued for entire vehicles (NKS-WVTA) and are valid for one country. The approvals are identifiable by the small ‘e’, followed by ‘NKS'
You can apply for an individual approval for one specimen of a component − for example a bumper. This one specimen must then comply with the specified requirements. The approval therefore applies just to this one specimen.
A description of the requirements can be found in Regeling Voertuigen, chapter 3.
Amendments to the legislation
In some guidelines, special requirements are defined − for example, for the conformity of vehicles in use, re-use, multi-phase construction approval, and hazardous goods. EU Guidelines, EU Regulations and ECE Regulations are regularly amended. This can mean that new types of vehicles must comply with the new requirements, but also that type-approvals may lose their validity. You should therefore take careful note of the commencement dates of the guidelines and regulations.
As part of vehicle testing, employees of the RDW are regularly asked to sign a confidentiality declaration under private law. However, the RDW does not in principle sign any additional confidentiality declarations. The obligation of confidentiality is already regulated in article 2:5 of the General Administrative Law Act (Awb) and therefore automatically applies to all tasks of the RDW. Employees of the RDW must therefore comply with this legal obligation and may not deviate from it by agreement.